Huzurabad History

Huzurabad town, the headquarters of a mandal is about 40kms to the south-east of Karimnagar and lies on the highway leading to Hanumakonda. Uppal and Jammikunta are the two nearest railway stations about 10 and 13 kms respectively on the Kazipet-Balharshah line.

The headquarters of the taluk was shifted from Jammikunta to Huzurabad in A.D.1913, when probably the old Yedulapuram village might have been renamed as Huzurabad after the Nizam of Hyderabad, who was also called as Huzur or the king. It continued to be the headquarters of a taluk until the mandal set up was introduced in 1984. Now Huzurabad is administered by a major Grampanchayat. The place is noted for its weekly cattle fair.

The local tradition reveals that there existed a village named Yeedulapalli or Yedulapuram at the foothill ofRanganayakula Gutta lying about 2 kms to the east of present Huzurabad. From Huzurabad one has to go through patavada, Vaddar colony and cross a small stream called Chilukavagu, wherefrom a distance of one kilometre has to be covered through a rough road on foot to reach the above mentioned hillock. There were steps to reach the hilltop but they are blasted by the local vaddars.

As there is a temple on the hill dedicated to the deity Ranganayaka swamy, so the hillock is called Ranganayakula gutta, where the old habitation called Yeedulapalli or Yedulapuram once existed and the traces of which can be noticed even today.The village is stated to have been shifted about one or two centuries back to the present place known as Huzurabad,named after the Huzur Nizam of Hyderabad. The place aroundRanganayakula gutta was an early medieval site as noticed fromthe ruined siva temple and the sculptures found in a cavern on the hillock.

Old Siva Temple

This ruined single shrine temple consisting of garbhagriha, antarala and a sixteen pillared mukhamandapafaces the east. It lies at the foothill of Ranganayakula Gutta. It is in the close vicinity of the newly built Anjaneya temple and Renukadevi temple. The adhisthana of the temple is buried in the ground while its spire is lost. The temple is built with large blocks of stone and the height of the walls is only six feet. The exterior walls measure 14 feet in length and 10 feet in width.

The mandapa is a 23 feet square with flat roof except the central part laid in Kadalikakarana process containing a full blown lotus at the centre with its bud looking down. The height of the four central pillars is 7 feet. The parapet wall running all along the mandapa contains Kakshasanas over it. The doorway of garbhagriha is plain while the antarala doorway measures 5'-2" x 2'-6" with a projecting cornice of 1'-2" width decorated with semi-circular stones at regular intervals while purnakumbhas are carved at the base. The roof of antarala is lost while the ceiling of garbhagriha is laid in Kadalikakarana process. Ruined Sivalayam Doorways Kakshasanas in Mandapa

Cavern on the hillock

There is a cavern on Ranganayakula gutta and one has to climb up the hillock on foot with out steps to a height of about 40 feet to reach it. Curiously enough the den contains a seated sculpture of nude Mother Goddess (Lajja Gauri) in black granite with legs wide apart showing prominently the genital organ.

There is a sculpture of Ganapati in the same cave carved on a stone slab holding Trident and Damaru in upper hands, tusk in lower right hand and Modakas in lower left hand on which the tip of the trunk rests. He wears a short Mukuta over his head.

The novel feature noticed here is that there are three short hoods of a snake which canopy over his head. He wears wristlets, anklets and Naga as udarabandha. In view of the sculptural features this image may be assigned to 11th or 12th Century A.D.